Beyond Monitoring and Evaluation (by Matthew Levinger)

Matthew Levinger is Research Professor of International Affairs at the George Washington University. He directs the National Security Studies Program, an executive education program for senior officials from the U.S. government and its international partners, as well as the Master of International Policy and Practice Program at GW’s Elliott School of International Affairs. Before joining GW, he was Senior Program Officer at the United States Institute of Peace and Founding Director of the Academy for Genocide Prevention at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum.

Complex adaptive systems require tight feedback loops, in order to adjust in an agile manner to new information and changing conditions in the environment. Yet many large institutions—governmental and intergovernmental agencies, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), and transnational corporations—are still organized as centralized hierarchies operating with industrial command-and-control mechanisms, including rigid protocols for Monitoring and Evaluation (M & E).

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